LAW OF RETRIBUTION.
the order of time, in which he delivered the several tre¬
mendous predictions of God's vengeance against the wick-
ed princes. . .
Zedekiah was the son of that excellent prince Josiah
king of Judah, on whose account, expressly, the dreadful
vengeance, due to that wicked nation, was postponed for se¬
veral years, viz. till after his death.
The Scriptures mention four sons of king Josiah, viz.
" the first born, Johanan (or John) ; the second, Jehoiakim ;
the third, Zedekiah ; and the.fourth, Shallum." 1 Chron.
iii. 15. What became of the eldest son, Johanan, or John,
is not recorded (1 Chron. iii. 15.) but all the others ascen¬
ded the throne of David ; and first of all, the youngest son
Shallum, whom, on the death of king Josiah, " the people
of the land took, and" (as it seems, without regard to seni¬
ority) " made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem."
2 Chron. xxxvi. 1.
The reign of Shallum (alias Jehoahaz 2 Kings xxiii.
31, 32.) was only three months ; for lie regarded not the
eternal laws of God, and thereby drew down the divine
vengeance upon himself, by the hand of Pharaoh-Neco,
who deposed him at Jerusalem (2 Chron. xxxvi. 3,) and
afterwards " put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Ha-
math, that he might not reign in Jerusalem" (2 Kings xxiii.
33) there being, probably, some reason to apprehend, that
he would attempt to supplant his elder brother Eliakim,
whom the Egyptian conqueror had thought proper to set
up in his stead upon " the throne of David ;" and therefore,
to secure the new established monarch, he not only put
Shallum in bands, but also carried him away with him
into captivity in Egypt where he died (2 Kings xxiii. 34.)
Thus Eliakim (through the mercy of God to" the house
of David") was raised to the throne and kingdom of his an¬
cestors, even by a foreign enemy ! who also changed his
name (that the providence of God might be more apparent
in the revolution) from Eliakim (rzypvbx, signifying God
will establish) to Jehoiakim, signifying (as I have before
remarked) "Jehovah will establish ;" whereby it is mani¬
fest that even a heathen monarch took pains to remind the