LAW OF PASSIVE OBEDIENCE. 109
from the heart," (Ephes. vi. v, &c. ) when they retain
their neighbor in an involuntary, unrewarded servitude for
the learned Dr. Whitby has commented upon it, as if he thought
it exactly parallel to another declaration of the same apostle, (viz.
Ephes. vi. 8 and 9,) wherein not only both masters and servants
are unquestionably includod, but also the dominion, or judgment,
in which " there is no respect of persons," is expressly attributed
to our "Master in heaven." "Christ, in judging men at the last
day," says the Doctor, " will have no respect to the quality or ex¬
ternal condition of any man's person; but, whether he be bond or
free, he shall receive recompense for the good that he hath done,
in obedience to him ; whether he be master or servant, he shall be
punished for the wrong that he doeth in those relations."
If all these circumstances be duly considered, it will manifestly
appear, I trust, the master's supposed " right of dominion"—which
certainly is not expressed in the text—cannot even be implied in
these contexts, nor in any of the parallel passages already recited !
Can the master adorn the ' doctrine of God our Savior"—as in
the other indissoluble relations of life—by continuing the unnatu¬
ral connection of master and slave, and by exacting involuntary la¬
bor from his brethren without wages or reward, agreeable to my
friend's notions of the supposed implied " right of dominion!" The
reciprocal duty of the master is mentioned, indeed, in the next chap¬
ter, (Col iv. 1,) but it is of such a nature as must necessarily lead
Christian masters to abhor any such supposed " right of dominion"
as that which is tolerated in the British colonies, and which my
friend seems desirous to defend ! The masters are not directed
by the apostle to claim as their own, by " right of dominion," the
labor of their servants without wages, but, on the contrary, are ex¬
pressly commanded to "give unto their servants that which is just
and equal; which comprehends (as I have fully shown in the pre¬
ceding tract) such a measure of generosity, recompense, and be¬
nevolence, on the part of the master as is totally inconsistent with
the claims and views of modern slaveholders! and, if put in prac¬
tice, would necessarily effect the entire abolition of slavery !
The masters are likewise carefully reminded, in the last men¬
tioned text, that they " also have a Master in heaven."—(Col. iv. 1.)
A Master, by whose example they are bound to regulate their con.
duct, so that this consideration alone is a sufficient antidote against
slavery; for the principal doctrine of that heavenly Master was
Love, which cannot subsist with the contrary exaction of involun¬
tary servitude ! " This is my commandment," said that glorious
and gracious Master, " That ye love one another as I have loved
you." The nature of his love (which we are to imitate, that is, to
love as he hath loved us) is then immediately described as exceed-