LAW OF PASSIVE OBEDIENCE. 107
traders allege, for instance, that they shall " adorn the
doctrine of God our Savior," (Titus ii. 10,) by persisting
between masters and slaves " was looked upon by him as abso¬
lutely unlawful, so that the former had no right to rule the latter ;"
for this I have demonstrated, I trust, by other authorities of scrip¬
ture equally authentic, and much less liable to be misunderstood.
My attempt to explain the texts in question extends no. further than
to show that they do not really justify the uncharitable claims of
the modern slaveholders, though they are frequently cited for that
An attempt to show that any particular doctrine is not necessa¬
rily implied in a certain text or texts of scripture, is a very differ¬
ent thing from an attempt to prove or authenticate an opposite doc.
trine by the same text of scripture ! For instance, when my learn.
ed friend asserts, as above, that the apostle to the Colossians, iii.
25, "very clearly signifies that the right of dominion remained,
when he opposes doing wrong to obeying in all things their mas.
ters." &c. I do not pretend to build an opposite doctrine upon the
very same words, but shall only endeavour to show that this sup¬
posed " right of dominion" is not necessarily implied in the text
which my friend has cited in support of it.
The servants are indeed expressly and plainly exhorted to obedi¬
ence and submission, as well in this as in all the other texts before
recited, so that a contrary behavior in them might certainly be es¬
teemed a " doing wrong" on their part, yet this by no means im¬
plies " a right of dominion" vested in the master ; for that would
prove too much ; because the like submission is elsewhere equally
enjoined to those who are expressly said to " endure grief, suffer¬
ing wrongfully," (xacxuv aSiKus,) and we cannot suppose (as I
have before observed) that the submission enjoined implies a
right in masters to exercise such a dominion as that of oppress¬
ing others unjustly, or aSixas ; for that could not possibly tend
to promote the declared purposes of the apostle's exhortations,
viz : " that the name of God and his doctrine be not blasphemed,"
(1 Tim. vi.) And again, " that they may adorn the doctrine
of God in all things," (Titus ii. 9). These purposes, however,
are fully answered in the advice given by the same apostle to
all the other different relations of life mentioned by my worthy
friend. Wives may " adorn the doctrine of God" by submis-
sion to their " own husbands, as it is fit in the Lord." (See Co-
loss, iii. 18.) And husbands by love to their wives : for they are
expressly charged in the following verse " not to be bitter against
them," that is, they must, by love and sincere affection, moderate
and soften that supreme authority with which husbands are en¬
trusted, (by the laws of God and man,) that they may rule rather by
the gentle influence of an inviolable love and fidelity, as so good an