LAW OF PASSIVE OBEDIENCE. 101
favor of which I have produced a variety of texts ; but as
" the reason of the law," (according to a maxim of the
English law,) " is the life of the law," we cannot with jus¬
tice draw any conclusion from thence, in favor of the mas¬
ter's claim, till we have examined the principles, on which
the doctrine of submission, in these several texts, is found.
ed; and we shall find, upon a general view of the whole,
that the principal reason of enforcing the doctrine was not
so much because the persons addressed were slaves, as be¬
cause they were Christians, and were to overcome evil with
good, to the glory of God and religion.
These principles are clearly expressed in several of these
very texts, and implied in all of them, viz : " That the
name of God and his doctrine be not blasphemed." 1 Tim.
vi. 1. And again, " That they m;iy adorn the doctrine of
God our Savior in all things ! Titus ii. 10. So that a zeal
for the glory of God, and of his religion (the principles of
the first great commandment) is the apparent ground and
sole purpose of the Christian slave's submission, which was
therefore to be " with singleness of heart as unto Christ;
not with eye service, as men pleasers, but as the servants
of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart; with good
will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men : know¬
ing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same
shall he receive of the Lord* whether he be bond or free."
Ephes. vi. 5—8. And again, the same apostle charges
the servants among the Colossians, to obey " not as men
pleasers, but in singleness of heart, fearing God : and what¬
soever they do, to do it heartily as unto the Lord, and not
unto men." Coloss. iii. 2.
Thus it is plain that the service was to be performed
" as to the Lord," aad " not to men," and therefore it can¬
not be construed as an acknowledgment of any right, or
property really vested in the master.—This will clearly
appear upon a closer examination of some of these texts.
In the first, for instance, though the apostle Peter enforces
the necessity of the servants' submission to their masters,
in the strongest manner, commanding them to be subject
" not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward,"