the world, where it still continues to torment and dishonor
the human species." He then examined, 1st. The right
claimed by Stewart over the person of Somerset—and 2d.
The authority on which that right was rested. He decla¬
red that in " whatever light we view it, slavery is alike per¬
nicious to the person who suffers it, to the person who in¬
flicts it, and to the government which allows its existence."
He traced the history of European negro slavery—recorded
the interesting fact, that Charles V. in 1740, abolished it in his
dominions ; and the greedy and disgraceful return to it of
the masters, as soon as the imperial prohibition could be
evaded. He traced the history of Villeinage in England,
and demonstrated that no right could thereon be founded
to the claims of the slaveholder.
Mr. Alleyne closed the proceedings on the same side.
He examined the distinction between natural and municipal
rights—the one of which attaches alike to all men in every
country—the other is peculiar to times, circumstances and
places. " The right of slavery," he continued, " not being
from nature, cannot be imported from another country.
Natural relations, are inherent in the nature of things, and
nothing can annul them. They arise from the relation
which a man bears to mankind in general; and his moral
duty results from them. He cannot therefore, change his
natural relations—they are universal. Municipal relations
are such as arise from being a member of the particular
country, where they exist. It appears that by the laws of
Virginia, this man is a slave—but the laws of Virginia, rule
not in England. In this country, how can this man be a
slave, where the meanest have a title to enjoy the rights of
freedom. This man is here. He owes submission to the
laws of England, and he has a corresponding right to the
protection of these laws—he claims that protection—and
when " added he, " the judgment of this Court is given,
Stewart, as well as the rest of the slaveholders, will know,
that this air is too free for a slave to breathe in."
The cause of the slave party was supported by two able
and eloquent men, Messrs. Wallace and Dunning. Mr.
Wallace spoke immediately after Mr. Alleyne, and dwelt