18 From the Plantation to the Capitol.
when Lucy, who had fallen asleep in her own house, at the
other end of the garden, was borne thence to her grave by
his side, in the arms of the same true, considerate, Christian
people, many of them, then slaves, but on the verge of
their emancipation and freedom.
Among those who followed their aged parents to the
grave, were their own children, the one daughter and
three sons, already named. Of such children, Maria was
the only one who, born before her mother was set free, was
like her a slave ; and, hence, was made the subject of eman¬
cipation. Far older than either of the other children, she
had not only experienced, in this single way, the deep in¬
terest which her father took in her; but in every attention
given to her support, education and improvement, she had
enjoyed the most abundant evidence of his fatherly disposi¬
tion toward her, and his constant solicitude for her welfare.
At the time of her emancipation, Maria was esteemed a
young girl of fine looks, intelligent and well behaved.
Early care was shown for her improvement ; and though
she was not taught with the same thoroughness as her
brothers, who were by many years her junior, her education
was not neglected, and her knowledge of books was unusual,
certainly for a girl of her class—even for any young girl
of her times. She spelled, read and wrote well, being rea¬
sonably advanced in all the ordinary elementary English
branches. Besides, she was not without that sort of general
culture, gained at home, in rather intimate association with
her father, who, as already stated, was not only a man of
excellent native endowment, but learning and refinement.
Attractive as Maria was, for the reasons indicated, as
well as others, it may not be considered surprising that she
married early in life, upon the approval of her father, who
thereupon located her, in handsome manner, upon a plan¬
tation in his own neighborhood, which he bought and gave
her. He purchased the person, who was her husband, as
he did several other slaves, men and women, and gave
them all to his daughter. For many years, this remarkable
woman, the only daughter of Ralph Quarles, conducted