14 From the Plantation to the Capitol.
" Be it known to all whom it may concern, that I, Ralph Quarles of Lousia
"County, do hereby liberate, manumit, and set free my negro slaves Lucy, a
"woman, and Maria a girl, daughter of said Lucy; and I do hereby renounce
"forever all right, jurisdiction, authority, and power, which I have, or may
"lawfully exercise, over the said slaves. And I do hereby declare the said
" slaves to be henceforward free persons, at liberty to go when and where they
" please, and to exercise and enjoy all the rights of free persons so far as I can
"authorize, or the laws of Virginia will permit; and I hereby bind myself, my
" heirs, executors, etc., to warrant and forever defend to the said Lucy and
" Maria their right to freedom, clear of the claims of all persons whatsoever.
" In testimony whereof, I have hereunto affixed my seal and signed my name,
" this first day of April one thousand eight hundred and six.
" (Signed) Ralph Quarles."
The three sons born to such parents were Gideon Q.,
Charles H., and John M. Langston ; the children under the
circumstances following the condition of their mother and
bearing her name.
That portion of the last will and testament of Captain
Quarles, which has to do with the three sons here mentioned,
is contained in the following words:
" In the name of God, Amen ! I, Ralph Quarles, of the County of Louisa, and
" State of Virginia, reflecting on the uncertainty of human life, have thought
"proper to make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and
" form following, that is to say :
" ist. I desire that out of the money that I may have at my death and the
" debts that may be owing to me at that time, all my just debts and necessary
" expenses may be paid.
" 2d. I give and devise to Gideon Langston, Charles Langston, and John
" Langston, the three youngest children of Lucy, a woman whom I have eman-
" cipated by a deed of emancipation bearing date the first day of April one thou-
" sand eight hundred and six and duly admitted to record in the Clerk's Office of
"the County Court of Louisa, to them and their heirs forever all my lands lying
" on Hickory Creek and its waters in the County of Louisa together with all my
" stock of horses, cattle, sheep, hogs and bees, and household and kitchen fur-
" niture, and plantation and all other utensils of every sort whatsoever, including
" wagons, carts and still, and all the grain of every kind, and all the hay and
" fodder, and dead victuals that I may have on the above-mentioned lands at the
' time of my death, and also all the crops of every kind that may be growing there-
" on at that time to be equally divided among them whenever they may think
" proper to divide it. But if the said Gideon Langston, Charles Langston, and
" John Langston should wish to remove to some other place during the time
" between my death and the time of the youngest of them coming of age, then and
" in that case it is my will and I do hereby direct that my executors, the survivors
" or survivor of them may sell the above-mentioned lands and lay out the