At the requst of the same "r>ook Committee of the Wesleyan Conference," Dr. W.
II. Rule compiled, and the Conference published, in 1857:—
The Wesleyan Methodist Sunday School Hymn Book.—London, 1S57.
This was followed in 1S70 by a "Selection of Hymns suitable for use in Day and
Sunday Schools." . . "made by a number of Ministers, at the request of the Wesleyan
Methodist Book Committee," which was compiled chiefly by the Rev. Samuel Lees,
and publisher 1 as: —
The Methodist Scholars' Hymn Book.—London, 1870.
Finally, in ls7'.i, there was issued, after some delay, which is apologized for in the
The Methodist Sunday School Hymn Book. A Collection of Hymns and Spiritual Songs for Use
in Schools and Families. Compiled by Direction of the Wesleyan Methodist Conference.-London,iS79.
This collection of 5,S9 hymns, by a very large number of authors, is not only the best
hvnin book for children extant amongst the Methodist Societies, but it has no equal
elsewhere except the Church of England Children's Hymn Book by Mrs. Cary Brock.
Both the official Hymn Books issued by the Conference have suitable tunes published
with some of the editions. (See Children's Hymns,^ iv.)
iii. Methodist New Coiincrion.—1. This branch of the Methodist family originated in
1796; the cause being the exclusion of Alexander Kilham from the ministry by the
Conference of that year. From the time of J. Wesley's death, those preachers whom
he hail ordained had occasionally administered the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper.
One of the old preachers who had done so, was much blamed for his conduct. Mr.
Kilham wrote a defence of his conduct in An Address to the Members and friends oj the
N.'wcu4le S iciety, in which he also discussed the question of the right of the people to
have the Sacrament from their own preachers. That address in pamphlet fcrm, vaa
much commended by many of the old preachers, including Dr. Coke, H. Moore, J.
Pawson, T. Taylor, W. Bramwell, S. Brad burn, and others, some of whom freely dis¬
tributed the Address in their circuits. They also, by letters, encouraged Kilham to
continue his advocacy of the rights of the people to the privileges asked for by thtm.
Kilham wrote and spoke freely on the subject for a few years, and for so doing he was
at the desire of Mr. Mather, censured by the Conference of 1793. Other preachers,
including Mr. Taylor and Mr. Bradburn, had also published their opinions in support
of Kilham's views, but they were not censured. For this act of partiality, the Confer¬
ence was blamed, and Kilham was encouraged by many preachers who desired to con¬
ciliate the Societies rather than the Conference. At the Conference of 1795, some steps
were taken to reconcile the contending parties, under the name of the "Plan of Pacifi¬
cation," but it did not fully meet the case. Soon afterwards Kilham published a pam¬
phlet entitled The Progress of Liberty, in which he pointed out the defects in the Plan
of 1795, and sketched the Outline of a Constitution. This Outline included the fol¬
lowing principles :
ist. That the power to admit and expel members should be the act of the preachers with the con-
S'.-nt of the people. 2. The members to have advice in choosing their leaders. 3. '1 hat local preach¬
ers be examined and admitted by preachers and lay officers conjointly. 4. That Quarterly Meetings
should have a voice in recommending young men as preachers. 5. That the people have the right
to representation in all the Church Courts, including the Annual Conference. 6. That religious
worship be held in such hours as were most convenient for the people. 7. That the Societies receive
the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper from the hands of their own Ministers.
For publishing this pamphlet, and advocating the principles it contained, Kilham was
tried and expelled from the ministry, in 1796. Those principles became the basis of the
Methodist New Connexion, which took permanent form at a Conference held in
August 1797. in Ebenezer Chapel, Leeds. Kilham's chief opponent was Alexander
Mather, whom J. Wesley had ordained as a bishop to exercise authority in his Socie¬
ties. The New Connexion was commenced with 9 circuits, 7 itinerant preachers (5 of
whom had belonged to the parent Society), and over 5.000 members. It was in defense
of the principles advocated by Kilham that the new Society was formed; and the
preachers and lay-officers have exercised equal rights in the government of the Society
throughout its history.