rights, and sees that no unjust burdens are put upon
The true citizen labors to support and maintain the
government to which he belongs, and to do this he must
perform every duty assigned; he is responsible for sub¬
mission, fidelity and obedience; the greatness of all govern¬
ments is measured by their citizens, whether republic or
The government opens to its citizens every advantage of
civilization, while the citizens labor to embrace all to the gen¬
eral advancement of the nation at large, and in their great
and wonderful inventions are seen the greatness of the gov¬
ernment. Now let us see if the Negro possesses any of these
qualifications or whether he labors to such ends; if so, then
we will have to commend him on his citizenship.
I am willing to risk it; if we fail to find him a submis¬
sive servant, a law-abiding citizen, or a benefactor for good,
then I will condemn him, and say willingly that he has no
rights that the white man is bound by the laws of propriety
to respect; while on the other hand, if I should find him
faithful and true in all things appertaining to citizenship, I
shall claim for him, gentlemen, every right and protection
that the American government has in its power to give.
Therefore let us notice:
The Negro as a Benefactor.
In 1862 this entire land and country was overturned in
confusion, and the whole nation rocked in a cradle of great
fear and lamentation. The South was divided against the
North, and the highlands became rivers of blood.
Fred. Douglass had thrown his thunder-bolts of oratory
across the broad land of Europe, and wrapped the whole
country in a mantle of sympathy for the American slaves.
Slavery by the executive head, Abraham Lincoln, was