their part in the drama of the world—namely, the Negro.
The name which hatred improperly translated " nigger " to
degrade, has been sought by wisdom of its rightful owner,
and dressed in its legitimate garment, and is proven to be
the brightest jewel that has ever been found in the field of
The day is a memorable one, because it is the theatre-hall
in which is exhibited the exhibition of your prosperity in
the many remarkable ways of industry. I have made eth¬
nology a subject of study, and the result of my search, to
the present, is that I find that " God has made of one blood
all nations of men to dwell on all the face of the earth,''
and that he has equally endowed the Negro with faculties
of mind capable of indefinite expansion; and allow me to
say here, that I stand not alone in my conclusion, for the
leading historians of the world, such as Rawlinson, Rollins,
Martin, Herodotus, Hamilton, Smith, Jones, and a number
of others testify to the same; and aside from this, the
grandeur of your exhibition exhibits to the world that that
cannot be denied by any intelligent mind.
When I survey the magnitude of civilization that has
been wrought by a people who have enjoyed only twenty-
three years of freedom and liberty, I know no subject more
suitable to the occasion than: The Negro as a citizen.
A citizen is a member of an established government, to
which he owes many duties for its lawful protection.
What a government is or will be must ever depend upon
what its citizens are. Dutiful, ever faithful, and obedient
citizens make a good government, while, on the other hand,
indolent, indifferent, and disobedient make a petty govern¬
ment. The government does not make the citizen, but the
citizen makes the government; the former must exist be¬
fore the latter can have its being. The citizen labors to
support the government, while the government guards his