manhood of the race. I wish the book to show to the
world—to our oppressors and even our friends—that the
Negro race is still alive, and must possess more intellectual
vigor than any other section of the human family, or else
how could they be crushed as slaves in all these years since
1620, and yet to-day stand side by side with the best
blood in America, in white institutions, grappling with
abstruse problems in Euclid and difficult classics, and mas¬
ter them ? Was ever such a thing seen in another people ?
Whence these lawyers, doctors, authors, editors, divines.
lecturers, linguists, scientists, college presidents and such,
in one quarter of a century ?
Another thing I would have them notice, that the spirit¬
uality of this race was not diminished in slavery. While in
bondage, it may have been somewhat objectionable, as seen
in the practices of our race, it must be remembered that
they copied much from their owners—they never descended
to the level of brutes, and were kind, loving and faithful.
They patiently waited till God broke their chains. There
was more statesmanship in the Negro slaves than in their
masters. Thousands firmly believed they would live to be
free, but their masters could not be persuaded to volunta¬
rily accept pay from the government, and thus save the
loss they afterwards bore through the "Emancipation."
They went to war and fought "the God of battles," but
the slaves waited, humbly feeding the wives and children
of those who went to battle to rivet their chains. To my
mind, one of the most sublime points in our history is
right here. We never harmed one of these helpless women
and children—they testified of that themselves. And yet