1-14 .4 SCHOOL HISTORY OF THE
Then, too, the master had some soul, and where
that ingredient of his make-up was deficient, a sel¬
fish interest in the slave as his property somewhat
modified the venom that might have more often
visited itself upon the unfortunate slave in lashes and
Many Affections and Friendships formed be¬
tween master and slave exist to the present day.
Some slaves are still at the old homestead, condi¬
tions entirely reversed, voting differently at the
polls, but friends at home ; and in death the family
of one follows that of the other to the grave.
When the War Ended, the whole South was
in an unsettled condition—property destroyed, thou¬
sands of her sons dead on the battle-field, no credit,
conquered. But if the condition of the whites was
bad, that of the blacks was worse. They were with¬
out homes, money, or learning. They were now to
feed, clothe, and protect themselves in a goverment
whose treasury they had enriched with two centuries
and a half of unrequited labor, and a country whose
laws they must obey but could not read.
It was Natural that they should make mistakes.
But they made less mistakes than the bummers who
came South for plunder during reconstruction times,
and with the false promise of " forty acres and a
mule," led the unlettered race into a season of
idleness and vain hopes. But this condition did not