A SCHOOL HISTORY OF THE
Gen. Potter Struggled out with his division and
charged the enemy, but had to retire. Gen. Burn-
side now ordered his colored troops around the
edores of the crater ; the Confederates were now
gathering around from all sides, and under a heavy
fire drove the colored troops into the deadly hole,
from which they continued to rally until nightfall.
A Ridiculous Mistake was made by the Federals
in not marching into the city immediately after the
explosion, when the Confederates were nonplussed
and breaking away in mad confusion. Gen. Grant
says of this disgraceful affair: " The four divisions
of his (Burnside's) corps were commanded by
Generals Potter, Wilcox, Ledlie and Ferrero. The
last was a colored division ; and Burnside selected
it to make the assault. Meade interfered with
this. Burnside then took Ledlie's division."
Before the committee that investigated the affair
Gen. Grant said : " General Burnside wanted to put
his colored division in front, I believe if he had
done so it would have been a success."
Four Thousand Four Hundred Union soldiers
perished through the mistake then of not allowing
the colored troops to take the Confederate works
which Gen. Grant says they would have taken.
How the Colored Soldiers fought in the crater,
let the Confederate commanders (some of whose
slaves were there) speak: " Ah, boys, you have got