NEGRO RACE IN AMERICA.
THE NEW YORK COLONY
The enslavement of the Negro seems to have
commenced in the New York Colony about the same
time as at Jamestown (1619). The slaves were used
on the farms, and became so profitable that about
the time the English took the colony from the
Dutch, 1664, there was a great demand for slaves,
and the trade grew accordingly.
The Privileges of the Slaves in New York
were, for a while, a little better than in Virginia.
They were taken into the church and baptized, and
no law was passed to prevent their getting an edu¬
cation. But the famous Wall Street, now the finan¬
cial centre of the New World, was once the scene
of an auction block where Indians and persons of
Negro descent were bought and sold. A whipping
boss was once a characteristic officer in New York
The Riot of 1712 shows the feeling between the
master and servant at that time. The Negro popu¬
lation being excluded from schools, not allowed to
own land, even when free, and forbidden to " strike